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Names Definitions
Access methods EV charging access methods, also known as EV access control, encompass the technologies used to identify a driver and initiate a charging transaction. These methods aim to authorize and invoice EV drivers. The most common EV charging access methods are Smartphone applications, RFID cards, Payment terminals or  Plug&Charge.
Autocharge Autocharge capability refers to the ability of a charging station equipped with Autocharge functionality to directly identify a connected vehicle by its VIN or MAC address. Subsequently, this data is transmitted to the eMobility platform for validation. It is considered a plug-and-charge charging method.
CCS The CCS is a fast-charging standard called Combined Charging System that can provide up to 350 kilowatts of direct current. CCS is based on a socket called Combo 1 or Combo 2 which is a combination of Type 1 or Type 2 sockets with extensions. The CCS Combo 1 can be found in North America while the CCS Combo 2 is the chosen standard in Europe.
CDR CDR: Charging Detail Records are the charging transaction details produced after every charging process.
CHAdeMO CHAdeMO (CHArge de MOve) is a fast-charging standard delivering up to 62.5 kW by 500 V, 125 A direct current (DC). This standard has been primarily adopted by Japanese and Korean car manufacturers. This is the leading DC standard in Asia.
Charge Point The Charge Point is the physical system where an electric vehicle can be charged. A Charge Point will have one or more connectors.
Charging Station The unit where an electric vehicle is charged. A Charging Station consists of one or more charging spots (EVSE).
Connector The term “Connector”, as used in OCPP specification, refers to an independently operated and managed electrical outlet on a Charge Point. This usually corresponds to a single physical connector, but in some cases, a single outlet may have multiple physical socket types and tethered cable/connector arrangements.
CPMS Charge Point Management System is the name of the Central System or back-office controlling the Charging Points.
CPO or CSO (Operator) Charge Point Operator: Mobility partner who operates the charging infrastructure. They are sometimes called CSOs (Charging Station Operators too).
CS Acronym for Charging Station.


DLB Dynamic Load Balancing (DLB) is a software system that allows the distribution or sharing of electrical current across multiple charging stations, ensuring the load is balanced. It is often represented through a device connected to a smart meter or directly managed by an energy management system.
DR (Demand response) Demand response enables Charging station Operators to support the grid by reducing or shifting their electricity usage during peak periods in response to time-based rates or other financial incentives.
DSO DSO stands for distribution system operator (DSO) which represents the operator of the electric power distribution system (utility) which delivers electricity to a charging station owner (Site owner).


EMP or MSP (Provider) Electric Mobility (eMobility) Provider or Mobility Service provider: Mobility partner who provides eMobility services to customers.
ERP ERP is the acronym for Enterprise Resource Planning (CRM, accounting system, human resources…).
EV Acronym for electric vehicle.
EV market players EV market players represent all market players: Driver, EMP, eRoaming, CSO, Site owner and charging stations.
EVCO Electric Vehicle Contract: Contract between an EMP and a customer.
EVCOID Electric Vehicle Contract Identifier.
EVSE Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment: EVSE is a synonym of Charging Point. EVSEID Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Identifier.
EVSEID Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Identifier. An EVSEID identifies a Charging Point.
ISO 15118 This standard for the Plug & Charge feature enables electric vehicles to automatically identify and authorize charging transactions by simply connecting the EV to the charging station.


M2M Machine to Machine are specific SIM cards used for data exchange between two machines. We do use these cards between the Central System and Charging Stations.




The North American Charging Standard (NACS) is a charging connector standard primarily used by Tesla for electric vehicles (EVs) in North America. Originally a proprietary design, it has been adopted as a broader North American standard. NACS supports both DC fast charging and AC charging, utilizing a three-phase system.


OCPI Open Charge Point Interface protocol (OCPI) supports connections between EMPs with EV drivers as customers and CSOs managing Charging stations. This protocol enables eRoaming between EV charging networks.
OCPP Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP) is an application protocol for communication between EV Charging Stations and a central management system known as a Charging Station network.
OICP Open Interface Charge Point is the eRoaming protocol of the Hubject eRoaming Hub solution.
OpenADR Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) is a standard for energy management. The solution defines parameters and information to manage the electricity network with demand response capabilities.
OSCP The Open Smart Charging Protocol (OSCP) is an open communication protocol between a charge point management system and an energy management system (EMS). It is generally used as a protocol between DSO and CSO to manage grid capacity.



Private Charger

Private chargers are charging stations designated for the exclusive use of specific cars or EV drivers, typically accommodating one or two vehicles per charger. These chargers are commonly found in shared parking environments, such as those utilized by tenants or landlords with dedicated parking spaces.

Public Charger

Public chargers are charging stations accessible to all-electric vehicle (EV) drivers. These chargers are typically found in various locations such as municipalities, retailers, restaurants, and hotels, allowing EV owners convenient access to charging facilities.


RFID stands for Radio-frequency identification which is an identification system using electromagnetic fields to automatically identify user access solutions for EV drivers. This is often provided in the form of a key ring chip or a card that can be used with an RFID reader.


Semi-public chargers, also known as semi-private chargers, are a collection of charging stations accessible to a restricted group of EV drivers. These chargers are typically found in settings such as companies with employee EV programs or apartment complexes with shared charging facilities.
SAE J1772 / Type 1 SAE J1772 or Type 1 is the charging standard (Ref: IEC 62196) delivering 1.44 kW to 19.2 kW as single-phase alternating current (AC). This is the common AC plug-in in North America
Semi-Public Charger Semi-public chargers, also known as semi-private chargers, are a collection of charging stations accessible to a restricted group of EV drivers. These chargers are typically found in settings such as companies with employee EV programs or apartment complexes with shared charging facilities.
Site Owner or Site Host Site Owner/Site Host: Site Owners or Site Hosts are the physical owners of charging stations.


Type 2 Type 2 is a charging standard (Ref: IEC 62196) delivering 3 to 50 kW as single-phase or three-phase alternating current (AC). This is the common AC plug European and American standard.
Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) is a technology that enables the exchange of energy between the power grid and electric vehicle batteries. It allows electric vehicles to store excess energy from the grid during periods of low demand and return it when needed, thus aiding in managing energy load through demand response.
VIN Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) is the registration number of any vehicle given by the OEM.